Eye Diseases Panel

A test to identify the presence of DNA sequence variations in order to assess the Genetic Risk for the development of eye diseases, including age-related macular degeneration and pseudoexfoliation glaucoma.

Early identification of these risks allows for the development of prevention strategies to delay the onset or reduce the complications associated with the disease.



Age-Related Macular Degeneration Panel (AMD)

It analyses mutations in genes associated with an increased likelihood of developing AMD. Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is a heterogeneous group of diseases characterised by the onset of drusen, pigmentary changes, atrophy and/or neovascularisation in the central region of the retina (macula). It manifests itself as a progressive vision loss which generally occurs in both eyes. It is estimated to affect 15% of the population between 65 and 75 years of age and up to 30% in those over 85 years of age, with the most common form of the condition being most common cause of irreversible blindness in people over 65 years of age in Western countries. It is known that there are environmental factors involved in the origin of AMD, the most important of which is smoking, along with genetic factors.

Pseudoexfoliation Glaucoma Panel

Analyses the genetic variants involved in the process of increased intraocular pressure and optic nerve atrophy as a risk factor for the development of pseudoexfoliation glaucoma. The accumulation of risk mutations predisposes the individual to develop the disease and obliges the doctor to pay special attention to the possible appearance of the first symptoms. Glaucoma is a disease of progressive atrophy of the optic nerve. The main risk factor for developing the disease is an increase in intraocular pressure, caused by insufficient reabsorption of fluid from inside the eye.
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